Technology

Why the Internet is considered a basic human right and why governments block access to it

From here, Marcus Lima, sitting at his office desk in the upper floor of a tall building in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa, sees the whole city from here.

IceAddis founder of the technology center is usually filled with passionate young entrepreneurs, and big projects are made here over a cup of coffee.

But when the internet goes off, everything is fine.

According to data collected by Access Now, a digital rights organization, Internet services were shut down 200 times in 33 countries in 2019.

Marcos points out that the rush to those who come to his office in those days is over. Firstly no one comes and even if one comes by mistake, then without internet there is no stay…. What will people do in the end?

He points out that his company had a software development contract that was canceled simply because the Internet was unable to complete the work within the stipulated time frame.

“The home-cooked riders also run away. When there is no internet, nothing works and people can’t order anything from apps to websites.

‘Authorities shut down the landline and the Internet in a demonstration in Sudan in 2019.

Internet shutdown

This problem is not limited to Ethiopia alone and these sanctions do not only affect business skepticism. Access to Internet services affects millions of people in different parts of the world in different ways, according to Access Now.

Government officials can block Internet access to certain areas with Internet-enabled companies. This is also possible if a specific website needs to be blocked.

Human rights organizations have raised concerns that governments around the world are using the Internet to suppress public sentiment.

Statistics show that Internet services are being interrupted at times when a protest or rally is being held in this country.

In addition, it has also been revealed that in 2019, the Internet was shut down during 60 demonstrations worldwide and 12 times in elections.

Governments often justify the move to protect citizens and prevent the spread of false news, but critics say that it stops the exchange of information online and closes the door on dissent.

When the Internet is throttled

Throttling is a way of restricting access to the Internet that is difficult to track. The English word literally means’ gagging ‘and governments doing so limit the speed of data service to interrupt citizens’ access to information.

Doing so reduces the speed of the 4G mobile Internets so that the user goes away in the 2G era of 1990. As a result, video sharing or live streaming becomes impossible.

An example of this emerged in May 2019 when the president of Tajikistan openly acknowledged the throttling of social media sites such as Facebook, Twitter and Instagram. They said they were at risk of terrorist acts.

Russia and Iran are counted in countries where experiments are currently being conducted on Internet systems that are limited to domestic borders to further tighten government grip on the web.